MESOPOTAMIA


MESOPOTAMIA
MESOPOTAMIA
regio Asiae latissima, Tigrim habens ab Oriente, Euphratem ab Occidente, a Meridie Babyloniam, a Septentrione Caucasum. Sic dicta, quod sit inter 2. fluv. tigrim et Euphratem: Hinc Arab. Al Gezira, i. e. insula. Ab Hebraeis dicitur Aram Naharaim, i. e. Syria fluviorum scil. duorum, nam dictio ipsa est dualis numeri: Strabo l. 11. Ptol. etc. Olim Seleucia dicta, teste Plinio l. 6. c. 26. Nunc dicitur Halapia, teste Olivariô. Cic. l. 2. De Nat. Deor. c. 52. Mesopotamiam fertilem efficit Euphrates, in quam quotannis quasi novos agros invehit. Stephano Adiabene est: recentiores Azamia habent. Urbes clarae olim, Edessa, Nisibis Nicephorium, Seleucia, etc. Ferrar. Baudrando, pars est Assyriae ad Occidentem nunc proprie Diarbeck, tota sub Turcis. Eius urbes nunc sunt Asanchif. primum Orpha, quae Edessa olim Caramit, alias Amida, Merdin, Marde et Herren, alias Carrae. Maxima eius longitudo est 420. mill. pass. a Circio in Eurum, latitudo 270. Eius incolae vocantur Arriano, l. 3. Οἱ ἑκ τῆς μέσης τῶν ποταμῶν. Terras Interramnas Mesopotamiam interpretatur Alexander Imperator apud Lamprid. c. 56.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • Mesopotamia — (griechisch Μεσοποταμία „zwischen Flüssen“) ist die geografische Bezeichnung für eine Landschaft im Vorderen Orient, das Mesopotamien im Altertum ein albanisches Dorf, siehe Mesopotam eine römische Provinz an der Grenze zum Partherreich, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mesopotamia — (del griego: Μεσοποταμία, traducido del antiguo persa Miyanrudan, la tierra entre los ríos , o del arameo Beth Nahrin, dos ríos ) es el nombre por el cual se conoce a la zona del Próximo Oriente ubicada entre los ríos Tigris y Éufrates, si bien… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mesopotamia — ancient name for the land that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (in modern Iraq), from Gk. mesopotamia (khora), lit. a country between two rivers, from fem. of mesopotamos, from mesos middle (see MEDIAL (Cf. medial) (adj.)) + potamos… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mesopotamia — [mes΄ə pə tā′mē ə] [Gr mesopotamia(chōra), lit., (land) between rivers < mesos,MID1 + potamos, river, orig., rapids < IE base * pet , to fall, rush at > FEATHER] 1. ancient country in SW Asia, between the upper Tigris & Euphrates rivers …   English World dictionary

  • mesopotâmia — s. f. Região situada entre dois rios …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Mesopotamia — For other uses, see Mesopotamia (disambiguation). Ancient Mesopotamia Euphrates · …   Wikipedia

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  • Mesopotamia — Mesopotamian, adj., n. /mes euh peuh tay mee euh/, n. an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: now part of Iraq. * * * Region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the Middle East, constituting the greater part of …   Universalium

  • Mesopotamia — Original name in latin Mesopotama Name in other language Mesopotamia, Mesopotama, Tseteraki, Tseterki State code GR Continent/City Europe/Athens longitude 40.5 latitude 21.16667 altitude 690 Population 1812 Date 2012 05 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database